Periodontal (gum) disease is one of the most common dental problems among American adults. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), nearly half of Americans 30 and older will have gum disease at some point in their life. Unfortunately, many of these people may not realize they have a problem until it has developed into something serious.
At New Roc Dental, we are committed to helping you maintain a healthy smile for life. To keep your gums in good shape, we are happy to provide a variety of preventative and restorative treatments. Whether you are concerned about developing a gum infection or are already suffering from one, our team is here for you!
What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, occurs when bacteria cause an infection in the gums. Over time, plaque and tartar may build-up on your teeth along your gum line. These hard substances provide places for bacteria to live and make it difficult to clean your teeth. Eventually, bacteria may spread beneath your gums and cause infection.
There are two types of gum disease – gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is very common and is not as serious as periodontitis. If you have gingivitis, our team will be able to perform a deep-cleaning treatment called “scaling.” This treatment will remove bacteria and help your gums heal.
Periodontitis is more severe and may cause gum recession and tooth loss. We may need to perform minor surgery to treat this type of gum disease.
What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?
Although the symptoms are different for everyone, gum disease is often easy to recognize. If you have any of the following symptoms, please call our office and schedule an appointment.
- Tender gums
- Swollen gums
- Gums that bleed easily while flossing, brushing, or eating
- Receding gum line
- Loose teeth
- A change in bite
If you frequently use tobacco products, have a family history of periodontal disease, are pregnant, or have a systemic disease, you may be at an increased risk of developing gum disease.
What is Scaling and Root Planing?
Scaling and root planing are two types of treatments for gum disease. Scaling involves removing plaque and tartar from the edge of the gum line. We do this during every cleaning. Removing the build-up around your gums will help keep out bacteria and reduce your chance of developing an infection. Typically, your gums will heal naturally once your teeth are clean – even if you already have gingivitis.
Severe gum infections can cause a variety of issues. When an infection spreads, it causes pockets of bacteria to form between the gums and teeth. This makes the gums pull away from the teeth – leading to gum recession and tooth loss. If an infection finds its way into your tooth roots, it can cause decay and tooth loss.
If this happens, Dr. Wynter will perform a root planing treatment. This involves making a small incision in the gums to reach the tooth roots and remove the infection. After sterilizing the area, your mouth will be able to heal.
If you would like to learn more about periodontal disease and how it is treated, call our office today at 914-235-8065. We would be happy to answer your questions or schedule a consultation!